Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. People can snort the powder, which causes its effects on the brain to be felt quickly, or dissolve the powder in water and inject it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is often smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. Cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron, causing dopamine to accumulate in the synapse, maintaining the pleasurable feeling.
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. When taken at high doses or chronically, however, cocaine leads to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia. After stopping the use of the substance, users may feel exhausted and depressed and may sleep a great deal. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extremely rapid and potent effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to create this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even between people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction is being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. These patients are provided with medical treatment as well as cognitive-behavioral therapies. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency do not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases where in physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. People tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience when they couldn’t handle stressful events.
Cocaine addiction has been blamed for the rising crimes in the society that one of the effective ways to solve them is by letting a cocaine addictive person to go through a drug rehab.
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