Behavioral health disorders can victimized anybody. Although we have thepower to choose, peer pressures can get in the way of the decisions we will be creating. Addiction is one of the most common behavioral health disorders. Addiction is quite rampant in every society. Addiction knows no age bracket and socio-economic status. Addiction as defined in the Merriam Webster Dictionary can mean the compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by well defined physiological symptoms.
There is no control what one can get addicted to. One can even get addicted to sex and love. The most popular kind of addiction is substance addiction. Its popularity has sprung from the representation it gives off, the notorious image of negativity. People who are in the pits of substance addiction usually display a sequence of bad behaviors affecting people that surround him or her.
There are many different substances an individual can get addicted to. Examples of substances that produces negative effects on the body are stimulants, opioids, hallucinogens and PCPs. These substances influence certain biochemicals in our brain which has direct reinforcing effects. One of the areas in the brain that is involved in the effects of these substances is the mesolimbic dopamine system. A flavor of good food and physical gratification such as those given off by sexual stimulation activates this kind of system. This system can be activated by psychoactive substances already mentioned. The effect is always so severe. The activation of mesolimbic dopamine system can make people to desire the reason of activation to repeat its effects. The application
of such substances gives off established changes in one’s mesolimbic dopamine system which makes an individual desire for the substance. The mesolimbic dopamine system gets hyperactive once the substance has been used repeatedly. In short term and long term use of these substances, makes hard for the people to resist once they have already tried. The careless trying of any of the substances can make an individual crave for more. The high that is so compelling is the reason why it is wanted more.
The central nervous system is the one that gets activated every time stimulants are used. This causes feelings such as happiness, energy, authority, a decreased desire for sleep, and reduced appetite. Examples of stimulants are cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine. One of the most highly addictive substances ever known is cocaine. This substance can be snorted to have its effects felt quickly. Amphetamines are substances initially introduced as antihistamines until people started noticing its stimulant effects. Nicotine is an alkaloid being found in tobaccos. Nicotine can be famously found in cigarettes. Caffeine on the other hand is the most intense used stimulant substance. Greatest amount of caffeine used is attributed to the wide use of coffee.
Opioids is used for a thousand of years to alleviate pain until its assets have been discovered to be dangerously addictive. Examples of opioids are morphine and heroin. Morphine was used widely as a pain reliever. This has been in the 19th century until its being addictive was discovered. Methadone and codeine are other examples of opioids. Opioid substances are substances found in the sap of the opium poppy.
taken in small doses. Peyote, ecstasy, and LSD are the main ingredients of hallucinogens. On the other hand, PCP or phenylcyclidine are substances put on for smoking and snorting. PCP is not identified as hallucinogen but its effects are mostly the same. PCP is also popularly called as angel dust, PeaCePill, Hog, and Tranq.
Why is substance addiction considered as a behavioral health disorder? This is because substance addiction brings tremendous negative effects in an individuals behavior. This alteration in behavior usually affects the people that encase the individual. These substances are against the law and can only be used lawfully when prescribed by specialists. One should be wary and stay away from this substances to not develop a problem.
Addiction and behavioral health disorder creates changes in our brains that affects how we interact with people and with our day to day life.
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